|The Old Stone Age (Paleolithic Era)|
age calculator in years
Old Stone Age ( Paleolithic Era ) – from the beginning of human existence until around 12,000 years ago
Why bởi we Call this thời gian in history the Stone Age ? During this thời gian humans used stone béo make tools & stone was used many times as part of the actual công cụ. Tools are objects that make our lives easier. A computer or smart phone are examples of modern-day tools. Paleolithic is a thế giới that comes from the two Greek words palaios, meaning old, và lithos, meaning stone.
Using a hammer stone for flaking. Which stone do you think is harder, the object stone, or the hammer stone?Using a hammer stone for flaking. Which stone bởi vì you think is harder, the object stone, or the hammer stone ?The first stone tools were used mập meet people’s three basic needs of food, shelter, và clothing. Thes e were difficult times ; there were no stores lớn buy food, & people had bự cooperate in small groups bự make clothing và shelter. To hunt for food, early humans formed spears, first by sharpening the ends of sticks, but later by attaching a sharp stone spear-tip phệ wood using animal sinew. A tool made up of more than one material is called a composite công cụ. Flaking was one of the first uses of công nghệ. Technologies are tools & also skills that make our lives easier. Flaking is an example of a Stone Age công nghệ skill. Flaking involves using a hammer stone phệ khung sharp edges on an object stone by striking it on its sides. By flaking early humans could sharpen spear & arrow tips Khủng hunt prey.
Old Stone Age people hunt a sabre-toothed tiger; why are the spears considered composite tools?Old Stone Age people hunt a sabre-toothed tiger ; why are the spears considered composite tools ?How bởi vì we know the age of artifacts As far as we know today, people have only been biên tập about their experiences for about 7,000 years. When people write about their existence, we gọi that history. But what about the giây phút before viết bài, how can we tell the age of an object ? There are three ways béo determine the date of an artifact :
- Extraction: digging down through layers of earth, the deeper the object, the older it is.
- Typology: studying the type of object. If the object is more complex, it is usually more recent, simple tools are usually older.
- Carbon-14 Dating: this is the measure of the amount of a substance called carbon-14 present in an object. This only works for living objects. When a living organism dies, it begins to lose carbon-14 in a predictable way we can measure and then determine the time the object was alive. Objects with less carbon-14 lived longer ago. Eventually a once-living object looses all of its carbon-14, so very old objects can not be dated using this method.
Thes e three methods are not fool-proof & only offer a reasonable guess as mập the date of very old artifacts. Thes e are the tools of an archaeologist, one who studies objects from the past.
Woolly Mammoth herdWoolly Mammoth herdWas the world different in the Old Stone Age from our modern world ? The answer is yes. The earth’s climate was very different. The world was a much colder place béo live on than our modern world. Wild herds of animals roamed the land in tìm kiếm of food, which was scarce at that thời gian. In order for Stone Age people béo survive, they had béo move with these herds of animals .Old Stone Age people were always on the move. A person who moves from place Khủng place is called a nomad. Because of their nomadic lifestyle, Old Stone Age people built temporary homes, rather than permanent homes. People travelled in small groups, we think these groups could have been extended family groups. Old Stone Age people had two ways of obtaining food, by hunting & gathering. Gathering is finding wild berries và other plants lớn eat. We sometimes hotline these people hunter-gatherers.
A Paleolithic settlement. Notice what materials are used for building temporary homes.A Paleolithic settlement. Notice what materials are used for building temporary homes .There were not many humans at this thời gian, & they were spread out, rather than living close together. Experts think there were no more than one million humans living during any giây phút of the Paleolithic Era. That might sound lượt thích a lot of people, but today there are about seven billion people, 7,000 times more people than in the Paleolithic Era. Archaeological evidence points phệ humans beginning in the continent of Africa, & later migrating mập other continents .Would you have liked lớn live in the Paleolithic Era ? In the next chapter, we will look at four important sites that show evidence of Paleolithic people .
Old Stone Age Read Aloud
(WMA 5.07 MB)
Old Stone Age Read Aloud
Old Stone Age Read Aloud
(MP3 3.06 MB)
NEED HELP DOWNLOADING:
mp3 file: This is an audio file and can be opened with an audio player or editor such as QuickTime. Download the free QuickTime Player for PC or Macintosh.
Old Stone Age Scavenger Hunt
Old Stone Age Java Games
Mr. Giotto’s Site